Global peace is deteriorating as the economic impact of national and international violence escalates to $14.3 trillion (R178 trillion) – up significantly from a cost of $9.8 trillion in 2014.
These are the findings of the Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) Global Peace Index, which puts the total cost of violence to the global economy at 13.4% of global GDP (from 11.3% in 2014).
The biggest global contributors to this violence bill come from military spending ($3 trillion) and internal security spending ($1.3 trillion), as well as losses from crime and interpersonal violence ($2 trillion) and losses from conflicts ($817 billion).
The total economic impact of violence containment in South Africa is $66.7 billion – or $1,258 per person.
The IEP data showed that, while the state of global peace remained relatively stable between 2014 and 2015, four out of the nine geographical regions experienced an improvement in peace while five became less peaceful.
This is balanced by specific numbers, where 81 countries became more peaceful and 78 countries became less peaceful.
“The most substantial change in the index was recorded for the Middle East and North Africa — where several countries suffered from an upsurge in violence related to sectarian strife and civil conflicts, as well as a rise in actions by Islamist extremist groups,” the group said.
Top 10 most peaceful countries
Top 10 least peaceful countries
|158||Central African Republic||3.332|
|155||Democratic Republic of the Congo||3.085|
South Africa slipped 14 spots on the global ranking, from 122nd in 2014 to 136th in 2015 with a score of 2.376.
This places the country in the lower-end of the region rankings, ranked 37th out of 44 Sub-Saharan African (SSA) nations.
According to the IEP, the total economic impact of violence containment in the country is $66.7 billion (R830 billion), or $1,258 (R15,656) per person, or 10% of the country’s GDP as a whole.
This is the 33rd highest cost of all 162 countries covered by the researchers.
When it comes to societal safety and security, South Africa ranks as the 15th worst country in the world, and the 8th most violent with a murder rate of 31 per 100,000 people.
South Africa’s state of peacefulness – and slip down the rankings – appears to be more due to the increase of peacefulness in other SSA nations, rather than the abject deterioration of peace within the country.
In 2014, the country’s GPI score was 2.342, showing a small 0.034 difference.
In its 2014 report, the IEP singled out South Africa as having conflict driven by poverty, inequality, and the slow pace of reform by the Government.
This, in turn, fuels crime, violent strike action, and political confrontation, the group said.
The group’s long-term outlook said that with high unemployment and income inequality – as well as buckling service delivery under the ANC administration – South Africa’s positioning regarding peace and security is unlikely to change.
Top 20 countries
|11||Republic of Korea||0.79|
Below is a more detailed breakdown of how South Africa ranks in each indicator.
Constraints on government powers – 40th
The Constraints on government powers indicator measures the effectiveness of the institutional checks on government power by the legislature, the judiciary, and independent auditing and review agencies. South Africa scored highly for its independent government watchdogs but scored low for its capacity to impose sanctions for official government misconduct.
Absence of Corruption – 42nd
The Absence of Corruption indicator measures the degree of corruption in Government and considers three forms of corruption: bribery, improper influence by public or private interests, and misappropriation of public funds or other resources. South Africa’s average performance in this indicator was highlighted by being better at keeping corruption out of the judiciary than keeping corruption out of the legislature – one of the weakest ratings overall.
Open government – 27th
The Open government indicator measures whether basic laws and information in legal rights are publicized, and assesses the quality of information published by the government. Overall South Africa rated well for its civic participation in government, but came up lacking in the way government publicized laws and other government data.
Fundamental Rights – 39th
The Fundamental Rights indicator measures the protection of human rights, including the right to life and security, freedom of belief and expression, freedom of assembly and association as well as labor rights, among others.South Africa performed fairly strongly in this indicator, above average across all points except for the due process of the law in the country. Freedom of expression, religion, and association were the strongest factors.
Order and Security – 81st
The Order and Security indicator measures various threats to order and security including conventional crime, political violence, and violence as a means to redress personal grievances While South Africa scored top marks for the absence of civil conflict, high crime rates, and violence knocked it down to 81st out of 102 countries.
Regulatory Enforcement – 33rd
The Regulatory Enforcement measures the extent to which regulations are effectively implemented and enforced without improper influence by public officials or private interests. South Africa had an above average performance across all factors in this indicator but dropped the ball by having unreasonable delays in regulatory processes.
Civil Justice – 39th
The Civil Justice indicator measures whether civil justice systems are accessible and affordable, free of discrimination, corruption, and improper influence by public officials. South Africa scored well for having a civil justice system with low levels of corruption and government influence – but was dragged down for high costs and discrimination, which were both below average.
Criminal Justice – 38th
The Criminal Justice indicator measures whether the criminal investigation, adjudication, and correctional systems are effective, and impartial, free of corruption, free of improper influence, and protective of due process and the rights of the accused. South Africa’s average performance in this indicator was marred by an ineffective correctional system, and taking too long to be processed in the system.
The African National Congress has been South Africa’s governing party since the Presidency of Nelson Mandela 17 years ago, following the end of white minority rule and apartheid. In the years under apartheid, hate speech was used by both supporters and opponents of the apartheid system to stir up their followers. When racial tensions in South Africa ran high, the song “Kill the Farmer, Shoot the Boer” was a revolutionary song of the anti-apartheid movement. However, it is an illustration of the long-term impact that such dehumanizing language can have.
After many years when such songs were no longer sung, in 2010, prominent members of the ANC Youth League, in particular, Julius Malema, President of the ANC Youth League and now leader of the militant EFF, openly sang the “Shoot the Boer” song at ANC Youth League rallies. Not only did the revival of the song strike fear into the hearts of Boer farmers, but it has actually been sung during attacks on white farmers. It is an incitement to murder white Afrikaner farmers.
Over 4000 white farmers have been murdered since 1994. The South African police have not made investigation and prosecution of these farm murders a priority, dismissing them as crimes by common criminals. The government has disbanded the commando units of white farmers that once protected their farms, and has passed laws to confiscate the farmers’ weapons. Disarmament of a targeted group is one of the surest early warning signs of future genocidal killings. Until today the communist ANC still proceeds with witch hunts against white farmers on trumped-up charges of stocking “weapon caches“- and visits by the ANC formed “Hawks” on white farms is a common phenomenon. (Link) A recent outbreak of violent farm invasions has led to casualties among white South Africans. The farm invasions are direct results of calls by Julius Malema and his Deputy, Ronald Lamola for whites to give up their land without compensation, or face violence by angry black youths “flooding their farms.”
In response to Julius Malema, the Freedom Front (FF) cited Section 16.2c of the South African Constitution, which restricts freedom of speech rights by excluding as unprotected speech “advocacy of hatred based on race, ethnicity, gender or religion and incitement to cause harm.” The FF contended that Malema’s singing of the “Shoot the Boer” song was hate speech and therefore a human rights violation. Acting Judge of the South Gauteng High Court, Leon Halgryn declared that the song is hate speech, and it is unconstitutional to either utter or sing “dubul’ibhunu” (“shoot the Boer.”) He issued an injunction against Malema, ordering him to no longer sing the song. The phrase is now considered hate speech. Yet the president of South Africa- Jacob Zuma- continue to sing this song “Unshini Whami ” (bring the machine gun) to his supporters.
Julius Malema was shortly thereafter removed as President of the ANC Youth League, and ejected from the ANC. However, Malema’s followers have defied the judgment and continue to sing the song. Even President Jacob Zuma sang “Shoot the Boer” at the ANC Centenary Celebration event in January of 2012. He claimed that its use at the ANC Centenary was not intended as hate speech, but rather to“commemorate ” the struggle against apartheid. Despite President Zuma’s proclaimed intent, his singing of the song may be contributing to an increasingly hostile environment that threatens the safety of white South Africans. The number of murders of Boer farmers has increased each month in 2012.
For ten years, Genocide Watch has been the only international human rights group willing to declare an Alert about the high murder rate ofBoer farmers, perhaps because it is not “politically correct” to defend the rights of people who once supported apartheid. Genocide Watch is opposed to all forms of racism, from whatever the source. The President of Genocide Watch actively supported the anti-apartheid movement in constitutional consultations with the United Democratic Front when he was a Fulbright Professor of Law in Swaziland. He has visited South Africa several times since and will soon visit again. According to the Genocide Watch 8 stages of Genocide, South Africa remains at stage 6: Polarization.
Incitement to genocide is a crime under the International Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, to which South Africa is a state-party.
The ANC government has promoted hate speech that constitutes “incitement to genocide.” The President of the ANC Youth League, Julius Malema, revived the “Kill the Boer, Kill the Farmer” hate song at ANC rallies, until it was declared to be hate speech by a South African judge, and Malema was enjoined from singing it. For other reasons, Malema was later removed as ANCYL President. His followers continue to sing the hate song, and the Deputy President of the ANCYL has called for “war,” against “white settlers.” After the judge’s injunction to halt singing of the hate song, even the President of South Africa, ANC leader Jacob Zuma, himself, began to sing the “Shoot the Boer” song. Since Zuma began to sing the hate song on 12 January 2012, murders of White farmers increased every month through April 2012, the last month for which there are confirmed figures. There is thus strong circumstantial evidence of Government support for the campaign of forced displacement and atrocities against White farmers and their families. There is direct evidence of SA government incitement to genocide. Forced displacement from their farms has inflicted on the Afrikaner ethnic group conditions of life calculated to bring about its complete or partial physical destruction, an act of genocide also prohibited by the Genocide Convention. The latest spate of attacks since January 2016 by the ANC-communist coalition against whites- blaming them on a continues basis of “racism” in their controlled media- also is another pre-planned conspiracy to enhance race tension between white and black in South Africa- which also accelerates the motive for white killings among blacks against mainly rural white farmers and elderly white seniors in cities. It is a well-known fact that the ANC-controlled Human Rights Commission in South Africa also plays a nepotistic part in the white genocide- and just prosecute white “offenders” of “racism“- but as yet NEVER prosecute any of the hundreds of black offenders of “racism” against whites.